Cloud computing is not a new thing in the IT markets; one can see its roots even in the sixties which is almost a six decades ago. In the meantime, Cloud computing developed through many phases that include Application Server Provision (ASP), Software as a Service (SaaS), grid and utility computing.
J.C.R. Licklider the person behind enabling the development of ARPANET in 1969, introduced the idea of “intergalactic computer network (ICN)” in the sixties which rooted the concept of Cloud computing. By the way, ARPANET stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network.
According to Margaret Lewis, product marketing director at AMD, the idea of ICN is Licklider’s vision to connect everyone around the globe to access programs and data at any site in the web from anywhere.
On the other hand, some experts accredit the cloud concept to scientist John McCarthy. The computer scientist proposed the concept of computation which brings out as a public utility just like the service bureaus.
Since the inception of cloud computing, it developed a number of lines, and the recent evolution is with web 2.0. But for so many years it has been treated by masses as a late developer because of the internet’s significant bandwidth.
The arrival of Salesforce.com in 1999 which introduced the concept of delivering business apps through a simple website is treated as the first milestone in the history of cloud computing. The services company floored the way for mainstream and specialist companies to deliver apps over the internet.
Amazon web services are stated as the next development in cloud computing which started in 2002, by providing different cloud services that include storage and computation along with a human intelligence via the Amazon Mechanical Turk.
The next big step in cloud computing was taken by giant search engine Google in 2009, by offering browser-based business application services through Google Apps.
Mainly maturing of virtual technology, universal software interoperability standards and the development of high-speed bandwidth universally are contributed much in the evolving of cloud computing, according to Jamie Turner, the cloud computing pioneer.
Microsoft and Google are the two companies that contributed much to the cloud computing by their reliable and easy to consume services.
The benefits of Cloud computing such as whopping storage, cost-effectiveness, and flexibility grabbed many of the IT people’s attention to recognize its worth.
Today’s apps require more data processing, so they naturally tend to move towards a cloud model.